Whether you have a pharmaceutical business, personal care or cosmetic business or food/beverage business, water testing reports for regulatory compliance are a necessity, and it is indispensable to get your water sample tested from a certified laboratory.
The World Health Organization (WHO) states that at least 2 billion people worldwide use water from sources contaminated with fecal material. Water contamination by pathogenic microbes is commonly caused by deficient quality control and sanitation methods.
Microbiological analysis is the most accurate and effectual way of detecting fecal contamination in water. Feces of humans, birds, animals and livestock enters and contaminates the water, making it unfit for consumption. As such, microbial analysis of water is an imperative aspect of water testing.
Water microbiology is the study of the microbiome that lives, flourishes and is transported in water. Water, in some instances, sustains microbes – both those that are not harmful to humans and those that are pathogenic and can spread diseases such as Cholera, Typhoid Fever, Salmonella, Dysentery, and E. Coli. These pathogens can easily be transported from one location to another by water.
Water can sustain the growth of many species and types of microbes that are beneficial to humans. However, the harmful growth of pathogenic bacteria in water sources can make it detrimental to the health of humans, animals and plants.
Bacteria primarily found in the intestinal tracts of humans and animals (e.g., E. coli, Vibrio, Shigella, Salmonella, etc.) can travel and contaminate water through feces, thereby rendering it harmful for ingestion. Moreover, viruses like Rotavirus, Enterovirus, etc., that reside within the gastrointestinal system of warm-blooded animals can be transmitted to the water supply and, in turn, transferred to humans or other animals causing severe illness and death.